A Case Of Refractory Angioedema
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Angioedema is an acute disorder that affects mucous membranes and the deepest layers of the skin along with underlying tissue, marked by rapid swelling, large welts, and pain. There are 3 major subtypes of angioedema: mast-cell mediated, bradykinin-mediated, and multifactorial or unclear mechanism subtype. The most common subtype of bradykinin-mediated angioedema is ACE-inhibitor induced, which disproportionately affects African-Americans. It is most often self-limiting and usually responds to the withdrawal of the offending agent. The prolonged duration of angioedema is uncommon in the absence of a persistent stimulus, though it is more likely when there is an abnormality of the metabolic pathways, such as in hereditary angioedema or other gene polymorphisms affecting the complement system. We present a case of severe angioedema that persisted for over a month and required a tracheostomy to manage the airway.
Irwin, Thomas M.; Irwin, Thomas M.; Longanecker, Andrew; Bodenhamer, William Spence; and Keirns, Carla C., "A Case Of Refractory Angioedema" (2022). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 985.