A new R,R-RvD6 isomer with protective actions following corneal nerve injury

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Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators


The transparent cornea is the most densely innervated tissue in the body, primarily by sensory nerves originating from the trigeminal ganglia (TG). Damage to corneal nerves reduces sensitivity and tear secretion and results in dry eye. Consequently, ocular pain, for which no satisfactory therapies exist, arises in many cases. Treatment of injured corneas with pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) combined with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) stimulates nerve regeneration in models of refractive surgery, which damages nerves. The mechanism involves the synthesis of a stereoisomer of resolvin D6 (R,R-RvD6) formed after incorporating DHA into membrane lipids. Activation of a PEDF receptor (PEDF-R) with phospholipase activity releases DHA to synthesize the new resolvin isomer, which is secreted via tears. Topical treatment of mice corneas with R,R-RvD6 shows higher bioactivity in regenerating nerves and increasing sensitivity compared to PEDF+DHA. It also stimulates a transcriptome in the TG that modulates genes involved in ocular pain. Our studies suggest an important therapeutic role for R,R-RvD6 in regenerating corneal nerves and decreasing pain resulting from dry eye.

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