A phase 1 and pharmacodynamic study of chronically-dosed, single-agent veliparib (ABT-888) in patients with BRCA1- or BRCA2-mutated cancer or platinum-refractory ovarian or triple-negative breast cancer
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology
PURPOSE: BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutated cancers (BRCAmut) have intrinsic sensitivity to PARP inhibitors due to deficiency in homologous recombination-mediated DNA repair. There are similarities between BRCAmut and BRCAwt ovarian and basal-like breast cancers. This phase I study determined the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) and preliminary efficacy of the PARP inhibitor, veliparib (ABT-888), in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 98) were dosed with veliparib 50-500 mg twice daily (BID). The BRCAmut cohort (n = 70) contained predominantly ovarian (53%) and breast (23%) cancers; the BRCAwt cohort (n = 28) consisted primarily of breast cancer (86%). The MTD, DLT, adverse events, PK, PD, and clinical response were assessed. RESULTS: DLTs were grade 3 nausea/vomiting at 400 mg BID in a BRCAmut carrier, grade 2 seizure at 400 mg BID in a patient with BRCAwt cancer, and grade 2 seizure at 500 mg BID in a BRCAmut carrier. Common toxicities included nausea (65%), fatigue (45%), and lymphopenia (38%). Grade 3/4 toxicities were rare (highest lymphopenia at 15%). Overall response rate (ORR) was 23% (95% CI 13-35%) in BRCAmut overall, and 37% (95% CI 21-55%) at 400 mg BID and above. In BRCAwt, ORR was 8% (95% CI 1-26%), and clinical benefit rate was 16% (95% CI 4-36%), reflecting prolonged stable disease in some patients. PK was linear with dose and was correlated with response and nausea. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous veliparib is safe and tolerable. The RP2D was 400 mg BID. There is evidence of clinical activity of veliparib in patients with BRCAmut and BRCAwt cancers.
Manzo, Julia; Puhalla, Shannon; Pahuja, Shalu; Ding, Fei; Lin, Yan; Appleman, Leonard; Tawbi, Hussein; Stoller, Ronald; Lee, James J.; Diergaarde, Brenda; Kiesel, Brian F.; Yu, Jing; Tan, Antoinette R.; Belani, Chandra P.; Chew, Helen; Garcia, Agustin A.; Morgan, Robert J.; Wahner Hendrickson, Andrea E.; Visscher, Daniel W.; Hurley, Rachel M.; Kaufmann, Scott H.; Swisher, Elizabeth M.; Oesterreich, Steffi; Katz, Tiffany; Ji, Jiuping; Zhang, Yiping; Parchment, Ralph E.; Chen, Alice; and Duan, Wenrui, "A phase 1 and pharmacodynamic study of chronically-dosed, single-agent veliparib (ABT-888) in patients with BRCA1- or BRCA2-mutated cancer or platinum-refractory ovarian or triple-negative breast cancer" (2022). LSU-LCMC Cancer Center Faculty Publications. 69.