Effect of High-Risk Factors on Postoperative Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events Trends Following Bariatric Surgery in the United States from 2012 to 2019
Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
BACKGROUND: Recent examination of trends in postoperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACE) following bariatric surgery, including accredited and nonaccredited centers, and the factors affecting those trends, is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate current trends for postoperative MACE after bariatric surgery in both accredited and nonaccredited centers and the factors affecting these trends. SETTING: This retrospective study was conducted using National Inpatient Sample database from 2012 to 2019. METHODS: All patients who underwent inpatient laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), open sleeve gastrectomy (SG), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), and open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) were examined. Composite MACE (acute myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, acute stroke, and in-hospital death during bariatric surgery hospitalization) was calculated and analyzed over time along with patient demographic and co-morbid diseases using survey-weighted logistic regression. RESULTS: MACE incidence was lowest for LSG (0.07%), followed by LRYGB (0.16%), SG (3.47%), and RYBG (3.51%). Open procedure, increasing age, male sex, body mass index ≥50, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and chronic kidney disease were independent predictors for increased MACE risk. MACE incidence increased over time for SG (odds ratio [OR] 1.25 [1.16, 1.34]; P < .0001) and RYGB (OR 1.14 [1.06, 1.22]; P = .0004) but decreased for LRYGB (OR 0.93 [0.87, 1] P = .06). After adjustment for high-risk covariates, increased MACE trend seen over time was attenuated in SG (OR 1.13 [1.04-1.22]; P = .005) and RYGB (OR 1.04 [0.96-1.12]; P = .36), while there was minimal effect of these high-risk covariates on MACE trend over time in LSG and LRYGB. CONCLUSIONS: MACE following LSG and LRYGB is rare, occurring in 0.1% of patients. Persistently increasing high-risk conditions and demographics has had minimal effect on MACE over time for LSG and LRYGB but has had significant effect on MACE trend over time in SG and RYGB.
Adepoju, Linda; Danos, Denise; Green, Christian; Cook, Michael W.; Schauer, Philip R.; and Albaugh, Vance L., "Effect of High-Risk Factors on Postoperative Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events Trends Following Bariatric Surgery in the United States from 2012 to 2019" (2023). School of Public Health Faculty Publications. 70.