Evaluation of a Multidisciplinary Disease Management Program to Achieve Asthma Control in Seven Safety Net Hospitals in Louisiana
Population Health Management
The objective was to evaluate a multidisciplinary guideline-driven disease management program focused on achievement of asthma control among sustained patients with confirmed asthma in Louisiana and to assess factors affecting achievement of asthma control. Data were extracted from the electronic health records of 1596 adults with confirmed asthma, sustained care for >1 year in the outpatient setting, and ≥2 recorded Asthma Control Test (ACT) scores. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to assess the association of demographic variables, comorbidities, and process measures with the best achieved asthma control as represented by the highest ACT score. Most subjects were female (81.1%) and African American (63.9%). Approximately half of them (48.9%) were able to achieve asthma control (ACT ≥20). The most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension (79.8%), rhinitis (55.3%), and obesity (50.5%). Most patients received pulmonary function testing (PFT) (88.6%), controller medication therapy (85.5%), or written asthma action plans (92.7%). Asthma control was positively associated with presence of PFT (OR = 1.63, 95% CI: 1.13, 2.37) and being a "never"smoker (OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.08, 2.04). Asthma control was less likely to be achieved by patients who were African American (OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.52, 0.87), had more comorbidities (OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.83, 0.96), or were on more medications (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.72, 0.88). Asthma control was achieved in 48.9% of an adult, primarily African American population with the implementation of comprehensive guideline-driven care. Furthermore, this is the first study to observe that the presence of PFT may be associated with asthma control.
Mary Ann Liebert
Bateman, Marjorie E.; Oakland, Hannah; Oral, Evrim; Nuss, Henry; Fisher, Paige; Udemgba, Chioma; Walker, Carl; Daigrepont, Nathan; and Parada, Nereida A., "Evaluation of a Multidisciplinary Disease Management Program to Achieve Asthma Control in Seven Safety Net Hospitals in Louisiana" (2021). School of Public Health Faculty Publications. 35.