Rural versus urban commuting patients with stage III colon cancer: is there a difference in treatment and outcome?
Background: To evaluate if there are differences in outcomes for patients with stage III colon cancer in those from urban vs. rural commuting areas. Methods: Data were evaluated on patients diagnosed with stage III colon cancer between 2012 and2018 from the Louisiana Tumor Registry. Patients were classified into rural and urban groups. Data on overall survival, time from diagnosis to surgery and time from surgery to chemotherapy, and sociodemographic factors (including race, age, and poverty level) were recorded. Results: Of 2652 patients identified, 2159 were urban (81.4%) and 493 rural (18.6%). No age difference between rural and urban patients (p = 0.56). Stage IIIB accounted for 66.7%, followed by IIIC (21.6%) and IIIA (11%), with a significant difference between rural and urban patients based on stage (p = 0.02). There was no difference in the extent of surgery (p = 0.34) or tumor size (p = 0.72) between urban and rural settings. No difference in undergoing chemotherapy (p = 0.12). There was a statistically significant difference in receiving timely treatment for hospital volume (p < 0.0001) and poverty level (p < 0.0001), but no difference in time from diagnosis to surgery (p = 0.48), and time from surgery to chemotherapy (p = 0.27). Non-Hispanic Blacks were less likely to receive timely treatment when compared with non-Hispanic Whites for both surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy, (aHR 0.91, 95% CI 0.83–0.99) and (aHR 0.86, 95% CI 0.77–0.97), respectively. There was no difference in Kaplan–Meier overall survival curves comparing rural vs. urban patients (p = 0.77). Conclusions: There was no statistical difference in overall survival, time to surgery, and time to adjuvant chemotherapy between rural and urban patients with Stage III colon cancer. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Gaffley, Michaela; Hsieh, Mei Chin; Li, Tingting; Yi, Yong; Gibbs, John F.; Wu, Xiao Cheng; Gallagher, Joseph; and Chu, Quyen D., "Rural versus urban commuting patients with stage III colon cancer: is there a difference in treatment and outcome?" (2023). School of Public Health Faculty Publications. 262.