Health beliefs associated with poor disease self-management in smokers with asthma and/or COPD: a pilot study

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The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma


: Compared to nonsmokers, smokers with chronic disease are less likely to adhere to self-management recommendations for the management of their chronic conditions. Although the literature notes poor adherence trends in smokers, actual influences of adherence in these patients require further study. This study examines the health beliefs that influence self-management behaviors in smokers with chronic lung disease. : This prospective, cross-sectional study surveyed patients ( = 83) seen in the pulmonary outpatient clinics of the University Medical Center of New Orleans between November 2015 and February 2016. Eligible patients included those between 40-64 years old diagnosed with asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Primary measures included perceived beliefs related to the susceptibility to asthma and/or COPD becoming worse, perceived barriers to adherence, and perceived benefits to adherence. Patient characteristics under-study included smoking status, race, gender, and diagnosis. Descriptive and chi-square analyses were performed to characterize the sample. Student's and and regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between perceptions, smoking status, race, gender, and diagnosis. : Compared to nonsmokers, smokers perceived their asthma and/or COPD becoming worse ( = 0.0023). Smokers also perceived more barriers ( < 0.0001), and fewer benefits to adherence than nonsmokers ( = 0.0021). : The health beliefs of smokers may influence their self-management behaviors. Results of this study can inform the development of services that target smokers in order to improve adherence to self-management behaviors and health outcomes.

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