Examining Pre-Release Interventions on HIV Outcomes 12 Months After Release from Louisiana State Corrections

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AIDS and Behavior


Louisiana has the highest proportion of people living with HIV (PLWH) in state prison custody. Linkage to care programs minimize odds of HIV care drop-off after release. Louisiana has two pre-release linkage to HIV care programs, one implemented through Louisiana Medicaid and another through the Office of Public Health. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of PLWH released from Louisiana corrections from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019. We compared HIV care continuum outcomes within 12 months after release between intervention groups (received any vs. no intervention) using two proportion z-tests and multivariable logistic regression. Of 681 people, 389 (57.1%) were not released from a state prison facility and thus not eligible to receive interventions, 252 (37%) received any intervention, and 228 (33.5%) achieved viral suppression. Linkage to care within 30 days was significantly higher in people who received any intervention (v. no intervention, p =.0142). Receiving any intervention was associated with higher odds of attaining all continuum steps, though only significantly for linkage to care (AOR = 1.592, p =.0083). We also found differences in outcomes by sex, race, age, urbanicity of the return parish (county), and Medicaid enrollment between intervention groups. Receiving any intervention increased the odds of achieving HIV care outcomes, and was significantly impactful at improving care linkage. Interventions must be improved to enhance long-term post-release HIV care continuity and eliminate disparities in care outcomes.