Using Deliberate Practice and Simulation for Psychomotor Skill Competency Acquisition and Retention
Background: Quality, safe patient care is dependent on graduates who are proficient in the psychomotor skills of nursing. Competent skill acquisition and retention are key to reducing skill-based errors and reducing the risk of adverse patient events. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of deliberate practice combined with skill practice during high-fidelity simulation (HFS) scenarios on urinary catheter insertion skill competency and retention in prelicensure nursing students. Methods: A convergent, parallel mixed-methods design was used. Results: The group participating in skill practice before and during HFS scenarios demonstrated a reduction in errors when performing the skill and an improvement in retention of skill competency. Conclusions: This article describes how the combination of deliberate skill practice prior to and during HFS scenarios may improve student skill acquisition and retention.
Johnson, Cynthia E.; Kimble, Laura P.; Gunby, Susan Sweat; and Davis, Alison H., "Using Deliberate Practice and Simulation for Psychomotor Skill Competency Acquisition and Retention" (2019). School of Nursing Faculty Publications. 60.