Case Control, Other Study Designs, And Research Appraisal

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Book Chapter

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Epidemiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach


Nursing as a practice discipline positions nurses to encounter unique events and situations that can serve as the foundation for future research exploration. Case control studies serve as a catalyst to differentiate the occurrence of disease among cases and controls to generate hypotheses. Nurses should remain astute and vigilant for unique situations encountered that could be the tipping point for exploration of unique cases. A case control study design groups the research subjects into cases or controls. This chapter helps the reader calculate an odds ratio from a case control study design, differentiates prospective and retrospective research designs, and describes other research designs such as historical, exploratory, methodological, and correlational. It also differentiates the types of triangulation. Epidemiologic research study appraisal is the systematic evaluation of a research study’s quality based on scientific merit and methodological rigor. The epidemiologic research study appraisal is dependent upon the research study design.

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Epidemiology For The Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach