Disease Occurrence: Morbidity And Mortality

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Book Chapter

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Epidemiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach


Epidemiologic tools consist of counts, rates, ratios, and proportions. The tools of epidemiology present data about health conditions with consideration to person, place, and time. Measures of disease occurrence provide essential data to understand the dynamics of morbidity and mortality in a population in order to develop population-based measures of control and prevention. This chapter helps the reader to calculate morbidity and mortality statistic and describes how to utilize morbidity and mortality data to describe the distribution and determinants of disease within specific populations. The chapter differentiates the population surveillance system methods used to generate epidemiologic data and presents essential elements of a population surveillance system to prevent and control outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics. The quality of life measures the extent to which a disease or health condition causes alterations in an individual’s daily life and ability to participate in and contribute to society.

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Epidemiology For The Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach