Determinants Of Health

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Book Chapter

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Publication Title

Epidemiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach


Addressing critical health issues requires utilization of tools, such as epidemiology, to assist in determining why people get sick, disabled, or die. Answering why this happens requires one to understand the determinants of health. The World Health Organization identifies the determinants of health as the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and the person’s individual characteristics and behaviors. This chapter describes the determinants of health. It articulates how risk factors affect health and how the social determinants of health affect health inequities. Epidemiology is a discipline that deals with the determinants of health. There is increased realization that focusing on the determinants of health and health disparities is an important aspect of improving the health of populations and improving healthcare outcomes. Inequities in education, housing, job security, and environmental health must be eradicated if health disparities are to be addressed effectively.

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Epidemiology For The Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach