Extragenital Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing Among Louisiana Parish Health Units, 2016-2019
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that men who have sex with men (MSM) get tested annually for urethral and rectal chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (NG), and pharyngeal NG. There are no national recommendations to screen women and heterosexual men at extragenital sites. We assessed extragenital CT/NG screening among men and women at Louisiana's Parish Health Units (PHU). Methods: The Louisiana STD/HIV/Hepatitis Program piloted extragenital screening at 4 PHUs in February 2016 and expanded to 11 PHUs in 2017. Sexual histories were used to identify gender of sex partners and exposed sites. Because of billing restrictions, up to 2 anatomical sites were tested for CT/NG. Results: From February 2016 to June 2019, 70,895 urogenital and extragenital specimens (56,086 urogenital, 13,797 pharyngeal, and 1,012 rectal) were collected from 56,086 patients. Pharyngeal CT positivity was 160 of 7,868 (2.0%) among women, 54 of 4,838 (1.1%) among men who have sex with women (MSW) and 33 of 1,091 (3.0%) among MSM. Rectal CT positivity was 51 of 439 (11.6%) among women and 95 of 573 (16.6%) among MSM. Pharyngeal NG positivity was 299 of 7,868 (3.8%) among women, 222 of 4,838 (4.6%) among MSW, and 97 of 1,091 (8.9%) among MSM. Rectal NG positivity was 20 of 439 (4.6%) among women and 134 of 573 (23.4%) among MSM. Urogenital-only screening would have missed: among women, 173 of 3,923 (4.4%) CT and 227 of 1,480 (15.3%) NG infections; among MSW, 26 of 2,667 (1%) CT and 149 of 1,709 (8.7%) NG infections; and among MSM, 116 of 336 (34.5%) CT and 127 of 413 (42.1%) NG infections. Conclusions: Many CT/NG infections would have been missed with urogenital-only screening. Men who have sex with men had much higher extragenital infection rates than women and MSW.
Rahman, Mohammad M.; Johnson, Chaquetta; Taylor, Stephanie N.; Peterman, Thomas A.; Bennett, Tammy S.; Haydel, Danielle; Newman, Daniel R.; and Furness, Bruce W., "Extragenital Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing Among Louisiana Parish Health Units, 2016-2019" (2023). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 971.