Hydrophobic Cue-induced Appressorium Formation Depends On Mosep1-mediated Morgs7 Phosphorylation And Internalization In Magnaporthe Oryzae
The rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae forms specialized infectious structures called appressoria that breach host cells to initiate infection. Previous studies demonstrated that the regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS)-like protein MoRgs7 undergoes endocytosis upon fungal sensing of hydrophobic environmental cues to activate cAMP signaling required for appressorium formation. However, the mechanism by which MoRgs7 internalizes and its fate remains undetermined. We here show that MoSep1, a conserved protein kinase of Mitotic Exit Network (MEN), phosphorylates MoRgs7 to regulate its function. MoRgs7 phosphorylation determines its interaction with MoCrn1, a coronin-like actin-binding protein homolog that also modulates the internalization of MoRgs7. Importantly, the endocytic transport of MoRgs7 is critical for its GTPase-activating protein (GAP) function important in cAMP signaling. Together, our findings revealed a novel mechanism by which M. oryzae activates MoRgs7-mediated hydrophobic cue-sensing signal transduction involving protein phosphorylation and endocytic transport to govern appressorium formation and fungal pathogenicity.
Xu, Jiayun; Liu, Xinyu; Zhang, Wei; Feng, Wanzhen; Liu, Muxing; Yang, Leiyun; Yang, Zhixiang; Zhang, Haifeng; Zhang, Zhengguang; and Wang, Ping, "Hydrophobic Cue-induced Appressorium Formation Depends On Mosep1-mediated Morgs7 Phosphorylation And Internalization In Magnaporthe Oryzae" (2023). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 968.