Disparities in Elective and Nonelective Total Hip Arthroplasty

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Journal of Arthroplasty


Background: Prior studies have shown disparities in utilization of primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, little is known about patient population differences associated with elective and nonelective surgery. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore factors that influence primary utilization and revision risk of THA based on surgery indication. Methods: Data were obtained from 7,543 patients who had a primary THA from 2014 to 2020 in a database, which consists of multiple health partner systems in Louisiana and Texas. Of these patients, 602 patients (8%) underwent nonelective THA. THA was classified as “elective” or “nonelective” if the patient had a diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis or femoral neck fracture, respectively. Results: After multivariable logistic regression, nonelective THA was associated with alcohol dependence, lower body mass index (BMI), women, and increased age and number of comorbid conditions. No racial or ethnic differences were observed for the utilization of primary THA. Of the 262 patients who underwent revision surgery, patients who underwent THA for nonelective etiologies had an increased odds of revision within 3 years of primary THA (odds ratio (OR) = 1.66, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.06-2.58, P-value =.025). After multivariable logistic regression, patients who had tobacco usage (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.04-1.78, P-value =.024), alcohol dependence (aOR = 2.46, 95% CI = 1.45-4.15, P-value =.001), and public insurance (OR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.18-3.70, P-value =.026) had an increased risk of reoperation. Conclusion: Demographic and social factors impact the utilization of elective and nonelective primary THA and subsequent revision surgery. Orthopaedic surgeons should focus on preoperative counseling for tobacco and alcohol cessation as these are modifiable risk factors to directly decrease reoperation risk.

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