Evolving Therapeutic Roles of Nasogastric Tubes: Current Concepts in Clinical Practice

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Advances in Therapy


Nasogastric tubes (NGT) have been in use for over 100 years and are still considered as essential and resuscitative tools in multiple medical specialties for acute and chronic care. They are vital for decompression of the stomach in the presence of bowel obstruction in the critically ill and useful as a conduit for the administration of medications and sometimes for short term parenteral nutrition. The placement of nasogastric tubes is relatively routine. However, they must be inserted and maintained safely and effectively to avoid serious and possibly even fatal associated complications. This review focuses on recent updates in research regarding nasogastric tubes. Cognizance of the recent advances in indications, contraindications, techniques of insertion, confirmation of correct positioning, securement, complications, management of complications, and state of the art research about the nasogastric tube is crucial for practitioners of all medical and surgical specialties.

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