Obesity and metabolic dysfunction correlate with background parenchymal enhancement in premenopausal women
Objective: This study tested the hypothesis that obesity and metabolic abnormalities correlate with background parenchymal enhancement (BPE), the volume and intensity of enhancing fibroglandular breast tissue on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: Participants included 59 premenopausal women at high risk of breast cancer. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. Metabolic parameters included dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-quantified body composition, plasma biomarkers of insulin resistance, adipokines, inflammation, lipids, and urinary sex hormones. BPE was assessed using computerized algorithms on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Results: BMI was positively correlated with BPE (r = 0.69; p < 0.001); participants with obesity had higher BPE than those without obesity (404.9 ± 189.6 vs. 261.8 ± 143.8 cm2; Δ: 143.1 cm2 [95% CI: 49.5-236.7]; p = 0.003). Total body fat mass (r = 0.68; p < 0.001), body fat percentage (r = 0.64; p < 0.001), visceral adipose tissue area (r = 0.65; p < 0.001), subcutaneous adipose tissue area (r = 0.60; p < 0.001), insulin (r = 0.59; p < 0.001), glucose (r = 0.35; p = 0.011), homeostatic model of insulin resistance (r = 0.62; p < 0.001), and leptin (r = 0.60; p < 0.001) were positively correlated with BPE. Adiponectin (r = −0.44; p < 0.001) was negatively correlated with BPE. Plasma biomarkers of inflammation and lipids and urinary sex hormones were not correlated with BPE. Conclusions: In premenopausal women at high risk of breast cancer, increased BPE is associated with obesity, insulin resistance, leptin, and adiponectin.
Brown, Justin C.; Ligibel, Jennifer A.; Crane, Tracy E.; Kontos, Despina; Yang, Shengping; Conant, Emily F.; Mack, Julie A.; Ahima, Rexford S.; and Schmitz, Kathryn H., "Obesity and metabolic dysfunction correlate with background parenchymal enhancement in premenopausal women" (2023). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 498.