A clinician’s guide for administration of high-concentration and facilitated subcutaneous immunoglobulin replacement therapy in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases

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Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology


Immunoglobulin replacement therapy is the standard-of-care treatment for patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases who have impaired antibody production and function. Clinicians and patients may consider intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) or subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) options, and each route may offer different benefits for the individual. IVIG requires fewer infusion sites and less frequent infusions than some formulations of SCIG. However, SCIG does not require venous access, is associated with fewer systemic adverse infusion reactions than IVIG, and can independently be self-administered at home. Importantly, tailoring treatment experiences to the needs of the individual may improve treatment adherence and quality of life for patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases who often rely on long-term or lifelong treatment. This review aims to educate United States (US) healthcare providers on the administration process of SCIG, with a focus on more concentrated formulations of SCIG and facilitated SCIG. It provides practical guidance on initiating, optimizing, and monitoring SCIG therapy. The advantages and disadvantages of the different treatment options are also presented for discussion between the patient and clinician.