Autologous Heterogeneous Skin Construct Closes Traumatic Lower Extremity Wounds in Pediatric Patients: A Retrospective Case Series
International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Lower extremity traumatic wounds pose unique challenges in pediatric patients, including vessel caliber, compliance with postoperative instructions, parental concerns about multiple operations, and long-term function. An autologous heterogeneous skin construct (AHSC) has demonstrated the ability to cover avascular structures and regenerate full-thickness functional skin. The objective of this study is to report our experience using AHSC in a cohort of pediatric trauma patients. This study is a noncontrolled, retrospective cohort analysis of all pediatric patients (age) treated with AHSC for lower extremity traumatic wounds with at least one exposed deep structure (tendon, bone, and/or joint) at a single institution between May 1, 2018, and April 1, 2019. Seven patients with 10 traumatic wounds met inclusion criteria. The median follow-up time was 11.8 months. Five patients were male (71%); the median age was 7 years (range = 2-15 years). Average wound size was 105 cm2. All wounds achieved coverage of exposed structures and epithelial closure in a median of 13 and 69 days, respectively. There were no donor site complications and no reoperations required. All patients returned to normal activity, ambulate without limp, can wear shoes normally, and have normal tendon gliding. AHSC covered exposed structures and achieved closure within a single application in complex traumatic lower extremity wounds in a pediatric cohort.
Mundinger, Gerhard S.; Stalder, Mark W.; Lee, James; Patterson, Charles W.; Sharma, Silpa; Womac, Daniel J.; Sopko, Nikolai A.; and Swanson, Edward W., "Autologous Heterogeneous Skin Construct Closes Traumatic Lower Extremity Wounds in Pediatric Patients: A Retrospective Case Series" (2021). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 406.