Trends in Open, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Operations

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American Surgeon


The use of robotic approach has gained momentum in colorectal surgery. We analyzed the trends in the adoption of robotic-assisted platform (RAP) for colorectal surgery over a 6-year period (2013-2018) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project. We assessed yearly prevalence of robotic, laparoscopic, and open approaches, and evaluated trends in the adoption of RAP across age, gender, BMI, and American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) subgroups. Overall, the frequency of open, laparoscopic, and robotic approach was 36%, 46.8%, and 7.8%, respectively. While the use of laparoscopic cases remained stable over the study period, the prevalence of RAP increased from 2.8% to 11.4%. This was accompanied by a concomitant decline in the use of open approach, from 40.8% to 33%. The use of RAP also increased across all age, gender, BMI, and ASA subgroups. Robotic-assisted platform is increasingly utilized for higher risk, older, and obese patients, allowing more patients to receive minimally invasive colorectal surgery.

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