Identification of the Contact Region Responsible for the Formation of the Homomeric CYP1A2-CYP1A2 Complex

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Biochemical Journal


Previous studies showed that cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) forms a homomeric complex that influences its metabolic characteristics. Specifically, CYP1A2 activity exhibits a sigmoidal response as a function of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (POR) concentration and is consistent with an inhibitory CYP1A2·CYP1A2 complex that is disrupted by increasing [POR] (Reed et al. (2012) Biochem. J. 446, 489-497). The goal of this study was to identify the CYP1A2 contact regions involved in homomeric complex formation. Examination of X-ray structure of CYP1A2 implicated the proximal face in homomeric complex formation. Consequently, the involvement of residues L91-K106 (P1 region) located on the proximal face of CYP1A2 was investigated. This region was replaced with the homologous region of CYP2B4 (T81-S96) and the protein was expressed in HEK293T/17 cells. Complex formation and its disruption was observed using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET). The P1-CYP1A2 (CYP1A2 with the modified P1 region) exhibited a decreased BRET signal as compared with wild-type CYP1A2 (WT-CYP1A2). On further examination, P1-CYP1A2 was much less effective at disrupting the CYP1A2·CYP1A2 homomeric complex, when compared with WTCYP1A2, thereby demonstrating impaired binding of P1-CYP1A2 to WT-CYP1A2 protein. In contrast, the P1 substitution did not affect its ability to form a heteromeric complex with CYP2B4. P1-CYP1A2 also showed decreased activity as compared with WTCYP1A2, which was consistent with a decrease in the ability of P1-CYP1A2 to associate with WT-POR, again implicating the P1 region in POR binding. These results indicate that the contact region responsible for the CYP1A2·CYP1A2 homomeric complex resides in the proximal region of the protein.

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Portland Press; Biochemical Society