Serotonin 5-HT2A Receptor Activity Mediates Adipocyte Differentiation through Control of Adipogenic Gene Expression
Serotonin 5-HT2 receptors are expressed in many tissues and play important roles in biological processes. Although the 5-HT2A receptor is primarily known for its role in central nervous system, it is also expressed in peripheral tissues. We have found that 5-HT2A receptor antagonists inhibit human subcutaneous primary adipocyte differentiation. We also show that siRNA knockdown of the 5-HT2A receptor blocks differentiation. Using gene expression analysis in combination with receptor antagonists we found that activity of 5-HT2A receptors is necessary very early in the differentiation process to mediate expression of adipogenic genes, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppar-γ), adipocyte protein 2 (aP2), adiponectin, and serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (sgk1). We show here for the first time that 5-HT2A receptor activity is necessary for differentiation of human primary subcutaneous preadipocytes to adipocytes, and that 5-HT2A receptor activity mediates key genes related to adipogenesis during this process. Importantly, this work contributes to a greater understanding of the adipocyte differentiation process, as well as to the role of 5-HT2A receptors in peripheral tissues, and may be relevant to the development of novel therapeutic strategies targeting this receptor for the treatment of obesity related diseases.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Yu, Bangning; Battaglia, Diana M.; Foster, Timothy P.; and Nichols, Charles D., "Serotonin 5-HT2A Receptor Activity Mediates Adipocyte Differentiation through Control of Adipogenic Gene Expression" (2021). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 295.