Pinch Grafting: A Systematic Review of Modern Perspectives and Applications in Dermatologic Surgery and Wound Healing

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-17-2024

Publication Title

Dermatologic Surgery

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pinch grafting has experienced a resurgence in interest in recent years, stemming from its simplicity, safety, and potential in restoring tissue integrity. While historically employed for chronic nonhealing wounds, pinch grafts have shown promise following surgical procedures, particularly those involving the lower extremities. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and present an updated overview of the current applications of pinch grafting. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. In collaboration with a medical reference librarian, the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched for studies reporting on the use of pinch grafting from 2000 onward. The references of each included article were also screened. RESULTS: Ten articles met final inclusion criteria. In total, 300 patients underwent pinch grafting for treatment of skin ulceration, while an additional 35 cases were performed as an alternative to primary closure following skin cancer resection. Overall, pinch grafting was safe and well tolerated, with minimal adverse outcomes reported. CONCLUSION: Pinch grafting is a safe, straightforward, and effective technique to promote the healing of chronic wounds. While the procedure shows early promise in emerging applications within dermatologic surgery, only about 10% of the reported cases involved this indication, reflecting a need for further research in this area.

PubMed ID

38630594

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