Metastatic Melanoma of Unknown Origin Mimicking Neurofibromatosis
Radiology Case Reports
We present an unusual case of metastatic melanoma in a young patient with imaging appearance resembling neurofibromatosis. A 36-year-old-man with a history of cervical radiculopathy presented with cauda equina syndrome. An MRI was performed for further evaluation demonstrating multiple intradural, extramedullary enhancing lesions in the thoracic and lumbar spine, as well as extra-axial enhancing lesions with involvement of the lateral ventricles and posterior fossa. Bilateral pulmonary masses were found on chest CT. Lung lesions were biopsied and positive for metastatic melanoma. Melanoma is the third most common primary neoplasm to produce brain metastasis and should be considered on the differential as a cause of newly detected intracranial and intraspinal masses in young patients.
Chen, Lauren; Newby, Celeste; Fakhri, Nibras; and Lammle, Markus, "Metastatic Melanoma of Unknown Origin Mimicking Neurofibromatosis" (2020). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 257.