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Surgical Neurology International


Background: To date, there are few guidelines and studies to guide the timing of initiation of therapeutic anticoagulation (AC) after craniotomy. The goal of this study was to assess the timing, safety, and outcomes of patients following the administration of therapeutic AC after craniotomy. Methods: A retrospective case–control study was performed evaluating all craniotomy patients from August 2017 to July 2021. Cases were selected if they received therapeutic AC within ten days of craniotomy. Nineteen out of 1013 craniotomy patients met the inclusion criteria. Indications for therapeutic AC were diverse, including deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, dural venous sinus thrombosis, mechanical heart valve, and left ventricular thrombus. Results: The mean and median time to therapeutic AC were 5.35 and 5 days, respectively. Three patients developed intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) that was stable on repeat imaging and did not require any surgical intervention or result in new neurologic deficits. There was no significant association between therapeutic AC and postoperative ICH (P = 0.067). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the initiation of therapeutic AC in postoperative craniotomy patients from postoperative days 2 to 10 did not result in any major complications. A prospective study is warranted to clarify the indications and safety of therapeutic AC after craniotomy.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.