Computer-assisted planning and patient-specific plates in orthognathic surgery: a global study

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Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology


OBJECTIVE: Using computer-assisted surgery (CAS) and patient-specific plates (PSP) in orthognathic surgery has shown improved accuracy and efficiency compared with traditional techniques. This study analyzed current global trends in planning and investigated the reasons for CAS and PSP use. STUDY DESIGN: A survey of 29 multiple choice questions was distributed to AO Foundation Craniomaxillofacial e-mail subscribers biweekly between July 14, 2021 and September 2, 2021. Questions focused on specifics of respondents' preoperative workup, methods of data collection, and the use of cutting guides and patient-specific plates. Objective clinical outcomes and subjective surgeon reasons for use were also investigated. RESULTS: Of the 557 responses, 420 (75.4%) participant responses were eligible for analyses. Most (302/420, 71.9%) respondents used CAS when performing orthognathic surgery, although regional differences were observed. Almost all respondents in North America implemented CAS in their surgery plan (44/46, 95.7%) compared with only 47.4% (18/38) in the Middle East/North Africa. Surgeons with 10 to 15 years of experience were far more likely to incorporate CAS. More than half (175/301, 58.1%) of CAS users also used PSP, of which 43% (68/158) did so for maxillary-only cases, 3.2% (5/158) used PSP for mandible-only surgeries, and 42.4% (67/158) used PSP for both. Surgeons' primary reasons for using CAS and PSP were accuracy (200/253, 79.1%), efficiency (196/253, 77.5%), and ease of preoperative planning (150/253, 59.3%). Most (77.9%) surgeons perceived that CAS was equal to or faster than traditional surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows differences in use regionally and with surgeon experience. Surgeons primarily use CAS and PSP in orthognathic surgery to increase accuracy and efficiency, minimize intraoperative deviations from the surgical plan, and reduce total surgical time.

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