Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Pathological vocal folds are known to exhibit multiple oscillation patterns, depending on tissue imbalance, subglottal pressure level, and other factors. This includes mid-phonation changes due to bifurcations in the underlying voice source system. Knowledge of when changes in oscillation patterns occur is helpful in the assessments of voice disorders, and the knowledge could be transformed into useful objective measures. Mid-phonation bifurcations can occur in rapid succession; hence, a fast classification of oscillation pattern is critical to minimize the averaging of data across bifurcations. This paper proposes frequency-ratio based short-term measures, named harmonic disturbance factor (HDF) and biphonic index (BI), towards the detection of the bifurcations. For the evaluation of HDF and BI, a frequency selection algorithm for glottal source signals is devised, and its efficacy is demonstrated with the glottal area waveforms of four cases, representing the wide range of oscillatory behaviors. The HDF and BI exhibit clear transitions when the voice bifurcations are apparent in the spectrograms. The presented proof-of-concept experiment’s outcomes warrant a larger scale study to formalize the parameters of the frequency selection algorithm.
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Ikuma, Takeshi; McWhorter, Andrew J.; Adkins, Lacey; and Kunduk, Melda, "Development of Parameters Towards Voice Bifurcations" (2021). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 200.