Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty is commonly performed for severe atherosclerotic disease to reduce stroke risk. After neck radiation, loss of tissue planes; reactive fibrosis of skin; contraction; and rarely, necrosis of skin may occur, leading to severe wound complications and possible exposure of carotid artery reconstruction. Historically, local myocutaneous flaps have been performed to provide soft tissue coverage; however, these procedures may be associated with increased donor site morbidity and can be affected by radiation changes. This report describes the novel use of a fasciocutaneous free flap for durable vascularized soft tissue, and the associated secondary benefit of improved suppleness and range of motion. Additionally, the distant location of the donor site allows for an efficient two-team approach. Here, we describe a patient with severe carotid artery disease with a history of multiple surgical procedures and radiation, which was successfully treated with a carotid endarterectomy and bovine patch angioplasty by vascular surgery and immediate free anterolateral thigh flap coverage by our team.
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Guidry, Richard F.; Doran, Hannah E.; and Stalder, Mark W., "ALT Free Flap Coverage after Carotid Endarterectomy in the Setting of Severe Radiation Changes" (2023). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 1859.