Data in Brief
We reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) of patients hospitalized during the peak of the pandemic, March 1st through March 31st, to document the type and frequency of neurological problems seen in patients with COVID-19 at presentation to the emergency room. Secondary aims were to determine: 1) the frequency of neurological complaints during the hospital stay; 2) whether the presence of any neurological complaint at presentation or any of the individual types of neurological complaints at admission predicted three separate outcomes: death, length of hospital stay, or the need for intubation; and 3) if the presence of any neurological complaint or any of the individual types of neurological complaints developed during hospital stay predicted the previous three outcomes. Setting: The Louisiana Health Sciences Center – New Orleans Institutional Review Board and the University Medical Center Clinical Research Review Committee approved the study protocol. Data acquisition: We reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) of patients hospitalized during March (March 1st through March 31st) 2020 at the University Medical Center New Orleans (UMCNO), who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 during the same hospitalization. The EMR team generated a list of 257 patients admitted for COVID-19. We excluded seven patients because of a negative COVID-19 test result or incomplete medical record documentation. Three neurology residents (DC, MS, DB) reviewed the EMR in detail to capture the relevant medical history, clinical course, and laboratory test results and abstracted data into an electronic data collection spreadsheet. We recorded the presentation or development of the following neurological complaints: headache, syncope, altered mental status, seizure, status epilepticus, and ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Statistical analysis: We used “R” (statistics software) and Microsoft Excel to generate summary tables. To analyze hospital length of stay or death, we fitted a competing risks proportional hazards model for time to discharge or death using the crr() function in R version 4.0.0. The competing risks model allowed the analysis of hospital stay, taking into account that the censoring of cases due to death was not random. To predict the likelihood of intubation, we used the glm() function in R to fit a logistic regression model. For each model, we determined baseline demographic variables predictive of the outcomes and generated adjusted models. For variables with less than five cases per cell, we reported the p-values for Fisher's Exact Test. The analyses and results are published in: Chachkhiani, David et al. “Neurological complications in a predominantly African American population of COVID-19 predict worse outcomes during hospitalization.” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery (in press). These data will be useful for researchers trying to build larger datasets regarding COVID19 neurological complications for metanalysis or to answer other questions requiring larger sample sizes.
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Chachkhiani, David; Soliman, Michael Y.; Barua, Delphi; Isakadze, Marine; Villemarette-Pittman, Nicole R.; Devier, Deidre J.; and Lovera, Jesus F., "Neurological Complications of COVID19 During March 2020 at LCMC Health University Medical Center: Dataset" (2021). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 168.