International Journal of Molecular Sciences
The effects of epilepsy on sleep and the activating effects of sleep on seizures are well documented in the literature. To date, many sleep-related and awake-associated epilepsy syndromes have been described. The relationship between sleep and epilepsy has led to the recognition of polysomnographic testing as an important diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of epilepsy. The authors analyzed the available medical database in search of other markers that assess correlations between epilepsy and sleep. Studies pointing to microRNAs, whose abnormal expression may be common to epilepsy and sleep disorders, are promising. In recent years, the role of microRNAs in the pathogenesis of epilepsy and sleep disorders has been increasingly emphasized. MicroRNAs are a family of single-stranded, non-coding, endogenous regulatory molecules formed from double-stranded precursors. They are typically composed of 21–23 nucleotides, and their main role involves post-transcriptional downregulation of expression of numerous genes. Learning more about the role of microRNAs in the pathogenesis of sleep disorder epilepsy may result in its use as a biomarker in these disorders and application in therapy.
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Dziadkowiak, Edyta; Chojdak-łukasiewicz, Justyna; Olejniczak, Piotr; and Paradowski, Bogusław, "Regulation of Microrna Expression in Sleep Disorders in Patients With Epilepsy" (2021). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 163.