Association of Diet Quality and Dietary Components with Clinical Resolution of HPV

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Nutrition and Cancer


Nutrient deficits have been repeatedly linked to cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) persistence, cervical neoplasia, and cervical cancer in case-control studies. This study sought to examine the relationship between overall diet quality and dietary components with the spontaneous resolution of cervical HPV over one year. A prospective observational cohort study was performed. Women with low-grade cervical cytology and/or positive HPV test completed a 24-hour dietary recall, from which the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2010, a score of overall diet quality, and scores in dietary categories were calculated. Participants were managed clinically according to national management guidelines. Those whose subsequent testing demonstrated normalization of cytology and/or HPV testing (“HPV resolution”) were compared to those whose abnormalities persisted or progressed (“HPV non-resolution”). Twenty-six women were included in the HPV resolution group and 38 in the non-resolution group. They were observed for a median of 428 and 412 day, respectively (p = 0.09). There was no difference in overall diet quality between the groups. Intake of total and whole fruit, and seafood/plant protein were associated with HPV resolution in a logistic regression model (all p < 0.05). These findings could have important implications for the counseling and management of individuals with HPV infection of the cervix.

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