Effectiveness Of Maternal Vaccination With Mrna Covid-19 Vaccine During Pregnancy Against Covid-19–associated Hospitalization In Infants Aged < 6 Months — 17 States, July 2021–january 2022
MMWR Recommendations and Reports
COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for persons who are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant now, or who might become pregnant in the future, to protect them from COVID-19.§ Infants are at risk for life-threatening complications from COVID-19, including acute respiratory failure (1). Evidence from other vaccine-preventable diseases suggests that maternal immunization can provide protection to infants, especially during the high-risk first 6 months of life, through passive transplacental antibody transfer (2). Recent studies of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy suggest the possibility of transplacental transfer of SARS-CoV-2–specific antibodies that might provide protection to infants (3–5); however, no epidemiologic evidence currently exists for the protective benefits of maternal immunization during pregnancy against COVID-19 in infants. The Overcoming COVID-19 network conducted a test-negative, case-control study at 20 pediatric hospitals in 17 states during July 1, 2021–January 17, 2022, to assess effectiveness of maternal completion of a 2-dose primary mRNA COVID-19 vaccination series during pregnancy against COVID-19 hospitalization in infants. Among 379 hospitalized infants aged <6 months (176 with COVID-19 [case-infants] and 203 without COVID-19 [control-infants]), the median age was 2 months, 21% had at least one underlying medical condition, and 22% of case and control-infants were born premature (<37 weeks gestation). Effectiveness of maternal vaccination during pregnancy against COVID-19 hospitalization in infants aged <6 months was 61% (95% CI = 31%–78%). Completion of a 2-dose mRNA COVID-19 vaccination series during pregnancy might help prevent COVID-19 hospitalization among infants aged <6 months.
Halasa, Natasha B.; Olson, Samantha M.; Staat, Mary A.; Newhams, Margaret M.; Price, Ashley M.; Boom, Julie A.; Sahni, Leila C.; Cameron, Melissa A.; Pannaraj, Pia S.; Bline, Katherine E.; Bhumbra, Samina S.; Bradford, Tamara T.; Chiotos, Kathleen; Coates, Bria M.; Cullimore, Melissa L.; Cvijanovich, Natalie Z.; Flori, Heidi R.; Gertz, Shira J.; Heidemann, Sabrina M.; Hobbs, Charlotte V.; Hume, Janet R.; and Irby, Katherine, "Effectiveness Of Maternal Vaccination With Mrna Covid-19 Vaccine During Pregnancy Against Covid-19–associated Hospitalization In Infants Aged < 6 Months — 17 States, July 2021–january 2022" (2022). School of Medicine Faculty Publications. 1489.