Platelet-Rich and Platelet-Poor Plasma Might Play Supportive Roles in Cancer Cell Culture: A Replacement for Fetal Bovine Serum?

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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry


Background: Platelet-Rich (PRP) and Platelet-Poor plasma (PPP) are widely used in research and clinical platforms mainly due to their capacities to enhance cell growth. Although the short half-life (5 days) and the high price of platelet products pose challenges regarding their usage, they maintain the growth regulatory functions for weeks. Thus, we aimed to assess the supplementary values of these products in human CCR-F-CEM cancer cells. Mechanistically, we also checked if the PRP/PPP treatment enhances YKL-40 expression as a known protein regulating cell growth. Methods: The PRP/PPP was prepared from healthy donors using manual stepwise centrifugation and phase se-paration. The viability of the cells treated with gradient PRP/PPP concentrations (2, 5, 10, and 15%) was mea-sured by the MTT assay. The YKL-40 mRNA and protein levels were assessed using qRT-PCR and western blotting. The data were compared to FBS-treated cells. Results: Our findings revealed that the cells treated by PRP/PPP not only were morphologically comparable to those treated by FBS but also showed greater viability at the concentrations of 10 and 15%. Moreover, it was shown that PRP/PPP induce cell culture support, at least in part, via inducing YKL-40 expression at both mR-NA and protein levels in a time-and dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: Collectively, by showing cell culture support comparable to FBS, the PRP/PPP might be used as good candidates to supplement the cancer cell culture and overcome concerns regarding the use of FBS as a non-human source in human cancer research.

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Bentham Science Publishers