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Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases


Objective: We tested the hypothesis that blocking pro-inflammatory platelet-activating factor receptor (PAFR) with LAU-0901 (LAU) plus administering a selected docosanoid, aspirin-triggered neuroprotectin D1 (AT-NPD1), which activates cell-survival pathways after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo), would lead to neurological recovery. Dose-response and therapeutic window were investigated. Materials and methods: Male SD rats were subjected to 2 hours of MCAo. Behavior testing (days 1-7) and ex vivo MRI on day 7 were conducted. In dose-response, rats were treated with LAU (45 and 60 mg/kg; IP), AT-NPD1 (111, 222, 333 µg/kg; IV), LAU+AT-NPD1 (LAU at 3 hours and AT-NPD1 at 3.15 hours) or vehicle. In the therapeutic window, vehicle, LAU (60 mg/kg), AT-NPD1 (222 µg/kg), and LAU+AT-NPD1 were administered at 3, 4, 5, and 6 hours after onset of MCAo. Results: LAU and AT-NPD1 treatments alone improved behavior by 40-42% and 20-30%, respectively, and LAU+AT-NPD1 by 40% compared to the vehicle group. T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) volumes were reduced with all doses of LAU and AT-NPD1 by 73-90% and 67-83% and LAU+AT-NPD1 by 94% compared to vehicle. In the therapeutic window, LAU+AT-NPD1, when administered at 3, 4, 5, and 6 hours, improved behavior by 50, 56, 33, and 26% and reduced T2WI volumes by 93, 90, 82, and 84% compared to vehicle. Conclusions: We have shown here for the first time that LAU plus AT-NPD1 treatment affords high-grade neuroprotection in MCAo, equaling or exceeding that afforded by LAU or AT-NPD1 alone at considerably moderate doses. It has a broad therapeutic window extending to 6 hours after stroke onset.

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