Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are the target for many therapies. Variation in membrane potential occurs throughout the cell cycle, yet little attention has been devoted to the role of VGSCs and Na+,K+-ATPases. We hypothesized that in addition to doubling DNA and cell membrane in anticipation of cell division, there should be a doubling of VGSCs and Na+,K+-ATPase compared to non-dividing cells. We tested this hypothesis in eight immortalized cell lines by correlating immunocytofluorescent labeling of VGSCs or Na+,K+-ATPase with propidium iodide or DAPI fluorescence using flow cytometry and imaging. Cell surface expression of VGSCs during phases S through M was double that seen during phases G0–G1. By contrast, Na+,K+-ATPase expression increased only 1.5-fold. The increases were independent of baseline expression of channels or pumps. The variation in VGSC and Na+,K+-ATPase expression has implications for both our understanding of sodium’s role in controlling the cell cycle and variability of treatments targeted at these components of the Na+ handling system.
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Edenfield, Samantha; Sims, Abigail M.; Porretta, Constance; Gould, Harry J.; and Paul, Dennis, "Effect Of Cell Cycle On Cell Surface Expression Of Voltage-gated Sodium Channels And Na+,k+-atpase" (2022). School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications. 51.