Understanding the Role of Integrins in Breast Cancer Invasion, Metastasis, Angiogenesis, and Drug Resistance
Integrins are cell adhesion receptors, which are typically transmembrane glycoproteins that connect to the extracellular matrix (ECM). The function of integrins regulated by biochemical events within the cells. Understanding the mechanisms of cell growth by integrins is important in elucidating their effects on tumor progression. One of the major events in integrin signaling is integrin binding to extracellular ligands. Another event is distant signaling that gathers chemical signals from outside of the cell and transmit the signals upon cell adhesion to the inside of the cell. In normal breast tissue, integrins function as checkpoints to monitor effects on cell proliferation, while in cancer tissue these functions altered. The combination of tumor microenvironment and its associated components determines the cell fate. Hypoxia can increase the expression of several integrins. The exosomal integrins promote the growth of metastatic cells. Expression of certain integrins is associated with increased metastasis and decreased prognosis in cancers. In addition, integrin-binding proteins promote invasion and metastasis in breast cancer. Targeting specific integrins and integrin-binding proteins may provide new therapeutic approaches for breast cancer therapies. This review will examine the current knowledge of integrins’ role in breast cancer.
Yousefi, Hassan; Vatanmakanian, Mousa; Mahdiannasser, Mojdeh; Mashouri, Ladan; Alahari, Nikhilesh V.; Monjezi, Mohammad Rafiee; Ilbeigi, Shahrzad; and Alahari, Suresh K., "Understanding the Role of Integrins in Breast Cancer Invasion, Metastasis, Angiogenesis, and Drug Resistance" (2021). School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications. 1.