An Update on Temporomandibular Disorders (TMDs) and Headache

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Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports


Purpose of Review: To provide an overview and highlight recent updates in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and their comorbidity with headache disorders regarding pathophysiology and management. Recent Findings: In the last decade, there have been great advancements in the understanding of TMDs and their relationship with neurovascular pains such as headaches. Understanding of TMDs is necessary for the context of its comorbidity with primary headache disorders. The literature regarding management of these comorbidities is scarce but points to combination therapy including pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to optimize management. The use of CGRP receptor-targeted monoclonal antibodies or CGRP receptor antagonists should be explored for the management of chronic TMDs. It could also be used as a novel monotherapy or in combination with non-pharmacological approaches for TMDs’ comorbidity with headache, particularly migraine. Summary: Research is needed to support evidence-based management protocols. A team involving neurology (headache medicine) and dentistry (orofacial pain) is critical for optimal management.

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