Impacted Maxillary Canine with Curved Apex

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Journal of Endodontics


Introduction: Maxillary canines play a crucial role in dental and facial aspect, arch expansion, and efficient occlusion. When surgical exposure measures cannot be executed or the patient does not agree to take the treatment, autotransplantation should be considered. The aim of this case report was to describe a novel surgical technique using virtually planned three-dimensional (3D)-printed templates for guided apicoectomy and guided drilling of the recipient site for autotransplantation of an impacted maxillary canine with a curved apex. Methods: A 42-year-old man complaining of pain and increased mobility in the maxillary left primary canine came to the clinic. Autotransplantation of the impacted canine was completed using altered methods from guided implant surgery to manufacture 3D-printed templates. After a full-thickness mucoperiosteal flap elevation, the surgical template for the guided osteotomy and apicoectomy was inserted. This 3D-printed guide allowed the clinician to perform a quick and precise removal of the curved apex, providing an atraumatic extraction of the impacted canine throughout the cyst. Three further 3D surgical guides for implant burs and a 3D replica tooth were printed to modify the recipient socket. After the final position, the tooth was semi-rigid splinted to the adjacent teeth. Results: Follow-up at 2 years showed complete regeneration of the palatal defect and remodeling of the bone surrounding the maxillary canine. Conclusions: Digitally planned procedures can facilitate the complex execution of an autotransplantation, reducing the treatment chair time and the morbidity for the patient as well as increasing the predictability of the result.

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