Do Patient-Specific Implants Decrease Complications and Increase Orbital Volume Reconstruction Accuracy in Primary Orbital Fracture Reconstruction?

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Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery


urpose Patient-specific titanium implants are increasingly used in orbital trauma as a means of achieving improved surgical outcomes as well as decreasing postoperative complications; however, the data to support their use remain limited. The purpose of this study is to compare the complication rates and accuracy of orbital reconstruction using preformed titanium mesh implants and patient-specific implants. Methods The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study consisting of patients with orbital floor and/or medial wall fractures treated by reconstruction with either preformed or patient-specific implants from August 1, 2015 to December 31, 2020. The primary predictor variable was the implant type. Outcome variables were the percent volume difference between the reconstructed and uninjured orbital volume and complications. Statistical analysis was performed using Fisher exact test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results Of the 85 patients in the study, 73% were male and the average age was 38.7 ± 16.6 years. Sixty-one patients (72%) were treated with preformed implants and 24 (28%) with patient-specific implants. Complications occurred in 8.3% of the patient-specific implant group and 26.2% of the preformed implant group (P = .08). Percent volume difference between the reconstructed and nontraumatized orbit was 4.2% and 6.8% in the patient-specific and preformed implant group, respectively (P = .03). Conclusions Patient-specific implants improved orbital volume reconstruction accuracy but did not decrease complications when compared to preformed implants.

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