International journal of implant dentistry
Background Existing research on marginal bone stability around hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated implants often lacks adequate long-term follow-up. The purpose of this randomized prospective study was to evaluate the 7-year outcome of patients with immediate and early loaded single-tooth restorations supported by implants with plasma-sprayed, partially HA-coated surfaces. Forty-two patients in need of 50 single implants were treated in in the Postgraduate Periodontics Clinic of Louisiana State University School of Dentistry. Implants were randomly divided into 2 groups: Group A was immediately loaded, and Group B was early loaded. Continuous follow-up with periodic maintenance care and radiographic evaluations was performed. The primary outcome of interest was implant survival, characterized using the Kaplan–Meier method. Secondary study outcome consisted of peri-implant crestal bone level changes. Data on age, sex, bone quality, implant location, length and diameter, and prior augmentation of the site were collected. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine whether the independent variables were associated with bone loss. Results One implant failed to maintain stability and was removed at 3 weeks. Thirty-four patients (14 males, 20 females with a total of 42 implants) completed the 7-year follow-up visit. Average age of evaluable patients was 52 in Group A and 55 in Group B. No significant difference was observed regarding sex and age distribution between the 2 groups. No significant difference was detected in the distribution of implant locations, types of bone, implant length, implant diameter, and augmentation status of the bone between the 2 groups. After 7 years of functioning for the 42 implants examined, implant survival rate was 100% for Group A and 95.5% for Group B. The results from this study of 50 implants showed that HA-coated Zimmer Tapered Screw-Vent Implants were clinically effective, with an overall cumulative 7-year survival rate of 98.0%. When comparing radiographic bone levels between 2-year and 7-year follow-ups, no significant differences in bone loss were found between Group A and Group B. Conclusions After 7 years in function, implants partially coated with plasma-sprayed and hydrothermally treated HA were clinically predictable when restored in occlusion immediately after or 3 weeks after implant placement.
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Arghami, Afarin; Simmons, David; St Germain, Jeanne; and Maney, Pooja, "Immediate and early loading of hydrothermally treated, hydroxyapatite-coated dental implants: a 7-year prospective randomized clinical study" (2021). School of Dentistry Faculty Publications. 46.