The hyoid bone: an overview.
CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular & Sleep Practice
The hyoid bone is a small horseshoe-shaped bone located between the mandible and the shoulder girdle. It is classified as a sesamoid bone which means it is a freely floating bone. However, it is anything but freely floating. The hyoid bone is a vestigial structure and is found as part of the tongue in lower animal forms. The hyoid bone is attached to the base of the skull, the mandible, the tongue, the larynx, and the scapular belt. Even though the hyoid bone is an important structure, it has not received the attention that it deserves. It participates in the function of speech, respiration, mastication, and swallowing, as well as maintaining the patency of the airway between the oropharynx and the tracheal rings. Knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the hyoid is necessary for recognition of the clinical presentation of related disorders and syndromes.
Auvenshine, Ronald C and Pettit, Nathan J, "The hyoid bone: an overview." (2018). School of Dentistry Faculty Publications. 32.