Effects of Particle Abrasion Media and Pressure on Flexural Strength and Bond Strength of Zirconia

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Operative dentistry


OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of particle abrasion medium and pressure on shear bond strength and biaxial flexural strength of three generations of zirconia (Lava Frame, Lava Plus, and Lava Esthetic) with the goal of optimizing the bond to zirconia. METHODS: 280 discs (14 mm diameter; 1 mm thickness) of each zirconia were milled and sintered. Specimens of each material were randomly distributed into 14 groups (n=20); half were tested for shear bond strength and half were tested for biaxial flexural strength. The specimens were particle abraded on one surface by 2 different media (50 μm alumina particles or 50 μm glass beads) for 10 seconds at three different pressures (15, 30, and 45 psi or 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 MPa). Untreated specimens served as positive control. A tube (1.50 mm diameter) filled with dual cured resin cement (Panavia SA) was placed onto the surface and light cured. Specimens were stored in water (37°C for 24 hours) and shear bond strength was measured in a universal testing machine (Instron). Biaxial flexural strength of each specimen was measured according to ISO 6872. Shear bond strength and biaxial flexural strength were compared individually with a 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for factors surface treatment and zirconia composition. RESULTS: Significant differences were seen between surface treatments (p0.2 MPa or 30 psi) with alumina decreased biaxial flexural strength with Lava Esthetic zirconia. CONCLUSIONS: Particle abrasion with alumina produced a significantly better combination of bond strength while maintaining biaxial strength of three zirconia materials than particle abrasion with glass beads. The bond strength also depended upon the pressure of particle abrasion and the generation of zirconia used.

First Page


Last Page


PubMed ID