Hospital Length of Stay Is Associated With Increased Likelihood for Venous Thromboembolism After Total Joint Arthroplasty

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Arthroplasty today


BACKGROUND: The prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is 0.40%-1.2%. Trends in TJA are for shorter hospital stays with lower complication rates. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether hospital length of stay (LOS) is associated with risk of a thromboembolic event after TJA. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients undergoing TJA during 2013-2017 at Louisiana and Texas hospitals. Univariable analyses and multivariable logistic regression examined patient characteristics (sex, race, age, body mass index, Charlson Comorbidity Index, TJA type, and LOS) associated with experiencing a VTE event after discharge and before 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 13,969 patients who met inclusion criteria, 338 (2.4%) had a VTE event after discharge. In multivariable regression analysis, more severe comorbidities (odds ratio: 1.30, 95% confidence interval: 1.23-1.37; < .001) and LOS days (odds ratio: 1.07, 95% confidence interval: 1.01 to 1.14; = .0215) were associated with an increased risk of VTE. CONCLUSION: Patients with more severe comorbidities or a longer LOS had a greater risk of VTE after discharge following TJA.

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